We’ve been using portable computers for so many years and we’ve never had a laptop crash; however, any computer is prone to crash and malfunctioning. There are many different reasons why a laptop computer could crash or stop working. Below I identify the most common causes of computer crash and how you could keep your laptop crash-free.
Reasons for crashes:
- Viruses and Malware
- Hardware issues
- Corrupt Registry
- Driver Conflicts
- Power Supply Issues
Viruses and Malware
One of the things I’ve always done with my laptop is to keep it safe with a good anti-virus software. I never navigate the Web with an expired anti-virus. It would expose my computer to malicious software and any kind of internet infection. You need to be prepared to renew your antivirus software one day before it expires or at least the same day of its expiration date. There are many different brands of antivirus software. Without promotional intention I have always used Norton Security and it has worked perfectly for me. There are other brands you can consider too. Such as:
- MacAfee Antivirus Plus
- Symantec Norton Antivirus
- Webroot Secure Anywhere Antivirus
- Bitdefender Antivirus Plus
- Kaspersky Antivirus
- Avast Pro Antivirus
- Trend Micro Antivirus+Security
Overheating is one of the most common causes of laptop crash, due to the fact portable computers have smaller and thinner hardware to facilitate their use and portability. Most laptops out there don’t have the ergonomic laptop legs they need to avoid overheating. That’s why when we put the notebook on our laps for a long time it begins to heat up faster than normal. It lacks ventilation. In addition to that, the small fan in the laptop absorbs too much dust, which dirty the fan propellers and impede a good air circulation. If your laptop fan is making too much noise I recommend to use a cooling fan, laptop legs, take the laptop to an expert technician for cleaning the fan. Also, lighten the load of the hard drive. Sometimes the computer overheats because the hard disc is overloaded. Free more space in a way that you can leave at least two or three gigabytes free. After that do a disc clean-up and defragmentation by going to “Start”, Windows Accessories or Windows Administrative Tools.
The components inside a laptop can crash over time or from misuse. Sometimes the hard drive malfunction is the main reason of a computer crash. If your laptop doesn’t boot or loses the ability to detect the boot drive, it is a signal of a faulty hard drive. Another possibility of a defective hard drive is if the crash happens when a specific file is opened. If you notice the hard drive is making strange noise, that could be a signal of a future hard disc failure. There are many different diagnostic tools online that can be used to test a hard drive, but I mainly suggest to use the ones created by the same hard drive manufacturers. Such as Western Digital, Seagate, Hitachi, etc. They all make very reliable testing tools.
If your laptop has a corrupt registry and you can still log in, please, fix the problem as soon as possible, because very soon you could be losing all your data. It’s very difficult to determine the specific causes of a corrupt registry; however, there are different possible ways to fix the issue. In most of the cases it is required to reinstall the operating system(OS) from scratch.
Some people opt in to use a registry cleaner software to solve the issue. There are some free ones that could help you in a no-way out situation. A few of them are mentioned below:
- Auslogics Registry Cleaner
- Advanced SystemCare
IF you have Windows installation disc you can use it to repair your system. Insert it into your computer and reboot it. When prompted press any key to boot from the DVD and follow instructions to repair and keep all your data. Another way to fix corrupt registry is by refreshing your system. Windows 10 allows you to reset your computer without deleting your files.
Please follow these steps:
- GO TO SETTINGS PANEL THEN CLICK OK UPDATE AND SECURITY
- SELECT RECOVERY THEM CLICK ON GET STARTED
- SELECT RESET THIS PC SECTION THEN KEEP MY FILES
- FOLLOW THE ON-SCREEN INSTRUCTIONS.
If none of these methods work you will probably have to consider a new installation of Windows.
Never update your applications or hardware with unofficial drivers from the internet. That’s going to cause, for sure, a driver conflict. There are many driver update tools selling their service online but they are not trustworthy. The best way to update your drivers is by downloading them from the official website. Meaning, the laptop manufacturer website or the original manufacturer of the device you’re trying to update. They always provide free driver updates. If you already have a driver conflict, please, use one of the following solutions:
- Go to the computer manufacturer website and download the the right drivers.
- Restore your computer to an earlier date when it was working well. Just go to Start and type “Create a Restore point”. Click on it and follow instructions.
Or try these steps:
- Go to settings panel then click Ok update and security
- Select recovery them click on get started
- Select reset this PC section then keep my files
- Follow the on-screen instructions
Power Supply Issues
If you upgraded your computer with hardware that demand more power consumption and your computer power supply doesn’t have the required capacity, it could result in computer crash. Certain components like video graphic cards when upgraded require a more potent power supply unit. The new device to be installed always specifies the power requirements.